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Health Risks Linked to Excess Weight and Obesity

Being overweight or obese can affect a person in lots of different ways, both physical and mental. It is now broadly accepted that excess weight is the leading cause of a number of conditions such as those listed below. Anxiety and Depression Being overweight can make a person unhappy about the way they look. Overweight people may find it difficult to buy clothes that fit, or feel uncomfortable in them. Some individuals can become depressed […]

Risk Factors and Medical Conditions Leading to Obesity

Being overweight means that too much of a person’s body is made up of stored fat. Anyone can become overweight when the energy they put into their body in the form of food and drink is more than the energy they use up in exercise and daily living. This leftover energy is transformed into fat by the body. To become obese, it usually takes years for the fat to build up. A person is defined […]

Estimating Body Fat Percentage and Lean Body Mass

When determining the body composition, experts distinguish between two types of body fat: essential fat and storage fat. Essential fat is necessary for normal functioning of the body, for example for providing important metabolic fuel for energy production. This type of fat includes fat in the heart, liver, kidneys, intestines, lungs, muscles, marrow of the bones, spleen as well as the brain and the spinal cord. It is higher in women than men due to […]

Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) Calculation and its Applications

The Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) is the number of calories you would burn per day if you did nothing all day. To lose weight, you should burn off more calories than you ingest. You can burn off calories by doing any type of activity (physical or mental) and you will actually burn off calories naturally just by doing nothing, even when asleep. Knowing your basal metabolic rate will help you determine how many calories you […]

How to Calculate and Use the Body Adiposity Index (BAI)

The Body Adiposity Index (BAI) is a measure designed to estimate a person’s percentage of body fat. It can be used alone or in conjunction with other popular and widely used methods for monitoring body composition like the body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip and waist-to-height ratios. However, none of these techniques, including the body adiposity index, offer precise measures of body fat and body composition, but they are often used for basic testing because they […]

Metabolism and Its Role in Weight Regulation

In simple terms, metabolism is the body’s own chemical process of using food for energy and growth. It includes two major processes: catabolism and anabolism. Catabolism is the process in which foods and stored fat are broken down into simpler compounds like glucose, glycerol or fatty acids, which may readily release or store energy. Anabolism is the process which uses simple substances such as glucose, glycerol or fatty acids and builds them up into more […]

Potential Causes of Excessive Weight Gain

Weight gain is a result of imbalance between energy intake (calories) and the energy a person expends through metabolism and physical activity. Excess calories are then stored in the fat cells also called adipose cells. An individual’s total fat stores reflect both the number and size of fat cells in the body. The number of fat cells increases fastest during late childhood and early puberty. However, when the person consumes more energy than is expended, […]

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