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Lactase Deficiency and Lactose Intolerance

Lactose intolerance occurs when the cells that line the small intestine are unable to produce enough of the enzyme lactase, which is needed to break down the milk sugar lactose into the simple sugars glucose and galactose that the body can absorb. Lactose intolerance, which is sometimes wrongly called milk intolerance, is not the same as a milk allergy. Unlike milk allergy, lactose intolerance does not involve the immune system, a key player in all […]

Sugars: Types, Health Effects, Sources and Food Labeling

Sugars are simple carbohydrates that either occur in foods naturally or are added to foods and beverages during processing to give them a sweet taste or other properties. Along with starches (another form of sugar, but with a larger molecule), they provide the main source of energy to the body. In most people’s minds, sugars are synonymous with sweets, although some varieties do not taste sweet. Those that have a sweet taste often serve to […]

Lactose Intolerance or Milk Allergy? Tests and Diet

Many people believe that they are allergic to milk because whenever they ingest milk or any dairy product, such as yoghurt, cheese or even an ice cream, they experience bloating, gassy stomach pain and diarrhea. Some really are allergic to milk and should better avoid it. But most of them have a common digestive disorder called lactose intolerance. Lactose intolerance is actually not an allergy but one of the most common forms of enzyme deficiency. […]