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Common Types of Birth Defects

A birth defect is any physical or mental disabling or fatal abnormality in function, structure or metabolism that is present at birth. To date, medical science has identified thousands of different birth defects, ranging in severity from very minor to life-threatening. Around 3% of all newborns have some kind of birth defect. Birth defects account for more than 20% of all infant deaths and are thus the most common cause of infant death during the […]

Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis of Down Syndrome

Down syndrome is a genetic disorder where typically there are 47 chromosomes instead of the 46 seen in normal people. Down syndrome is the most common form of cognitive impairment. It causes mild to moderate learning disabilities and developmental delays. People with Down syndrome are noticeable due to the characteristic facial features like flattened nose, short neck, and eyes slanting upwards. Fast Facts about Down Syndrome Down syndrome is a genetic disorder with typically 47 […]