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Archive | Obesity

Health Risks Linked to Excess Weight and Obesity

Being overweight or obese can affect a person in lots of different ways, both physical and mental. It is now broadly accepted that excess weight is the leading cause of a number of conditions such as those listed below. Anxiety and Depression Being overweight can make a person unhappy about the way they look. Overweight people may find it difficult to buy clothes that fit, or feel uncomfortable in them. Some individuals can become depressed […]

Risk Factors and Medical Conditions Leading to Obesity

Being overweight means that too much of a person’s body is made up of stored fat. Anyone can become overweight when the energy they put into their body in the form of food and drink is more than the energy they use up in exercise and daily living. This leftover energy is transformed into fat by the body. To become obese, it usually takes years for the fat to build up. A person is defined […]

Sugars: Types, Health Effects, Sources and Food Labeling

Sugars are simple carbohydrates that either occur in foods naturally or are added to foods and beverages during processing to give them a sweet taste or other properties. Along with starches (another form of sugar, but with a larger molecule), they provide the main source of energy to the body. In most people’s minds, sugars are synonymous with sweets, although some varieties do not taste sweet. Those that have a sweet taste often serve to […]

Fat Substitutes in Low-Calorie Diet

Fat substitutes are food additives used to replace fat in low calorie foods that give foods the same characteristics (appearance, taste, stability, texture, etc.) they would have if prepared with fat. They not only contain fewer calories than fat but they are also lower in saturated fat and cholesterol. Dietary fat is not only a source of energy, it also provides flavour, volume and texture to foods. Fat substitutes are designed to mimic the positive […]

Sugar Substitutes: Health Benefits and Risks

The rising rates of obesity and associated health complications, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and some types of cancer, have led many consumers to look for alternatives to sugar to help control their blood glucose levels and reduce intake of calories. In response to this demand, scientists have developed a number of sugar substitutes. Sugar substitutes, also known as artificial sweeteners, are substances used to sweeten foods and beverages and serve as an alternative to […]

Estimating Body Fat Percentage and Lean Body Mass

When determining the body composition, experts distinguish between two types of body fat: essential fat and storage fat. Essential fat is necessary for normal functioning of the body, for example for providing important metabolic fuel for energy production. This type of fat includes fat in the heart, liver, kidneys, intestines, lungs, muscles, marrow of the bones, spleen as well as the brain and the spinal cord. It is higher in women than men due to […]

Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) Calculation and its Applications

The Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) is the number of calories you would burn per day if you did nothing all day. To lose weight, you should burn off more calories than you ingest. You can burn off calories by doing any type of activity (physical or mental) and you will actually burn off calories naturally just by doing nothing, even when asleep. Knowing your basal metabolic rate will help you determine how many calories you […]

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