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Archive | Infections

Treatment and Prevention of Meningitis

As the name suggests, meningitis is the inflammation of the meninges, i.e. the membranes that protect the brain and spinal cord, due to infection by viruses, bacteria or fungi. Viral meningitis happens to be the most common type of the disease. But, because symptoms of viral meningitis are usually mild, many cases remain unnoticed and, therefore, undiagnosed. Bacterial meningitis is a less common type of the disease than viral meningitis, although it is much more […]

Sinusitis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

Sinusitis occurs when the linings of the sinuses and cavities of the nose become inflamed. Other common names for this condition are rhinosinusitis and sinus infection. The body has four pairs of hollow sinuses: frontal sinuses (in the forehead), ethmoid sinuses (between the eyes), sphenoid sinuses (behind the eyes) and maxillary sinuses (behind the cheekbones), and any of them can become inflamed. More than 10% of the population are affected by sinusitis each year. The […]

Symptoms, Complications and Treatment of Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is the oldest known sexually transmitted infection, first time described already in the 14th century when it became known as the clap, a term still used today. Although the total number of cases in the US has been declining since the late 1980s, still more than 300,000 new cases are reported each year. However, it is estimated that there are as many new cases of gonorrhea each year that are not reported to the […]

Symptoms, Complications and Treatment of Chlamydia

Chlamydia happens to be the most widespread sexually transmitted disease in the US and most other countries of the western world, carrying serious health implications. The infection spreads easily because many patients do not realize they have it, which is due to the lack of symptoms. About 75% of women and 50% of men with this disease never experience any symptoms, therefore, the majority of chlamydia infections go unrecognized. Nonetheless, experts estimate that there are […]

Fungal Nail Infections – Types and Treatments

There are two main causes of fungal nail infections: Candida albicans (the yeast that commonly causes oral and vaginal yeast infections) and the dermatophyte molds (they are a common label for three types of fungus, causing skin and nail infections such as ringworm and athlete’s foot.) Many people often use the terms fungus and yeast interchangeably. However, there is a big difference between yeast and dermatophyte nail infections. Candida yeast can cause onychomycosis, a chronic, […]

Diarrhea – Types, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Diarrhea is an increase in the frequency of bowel movements and the liquidity of stool. In patients with diarrhea, defecation may occur more than three times a day and firmness of stool can range from soft to liquid in texture. Diarrhea is due to a disruption of the digestive process. It occurs when too much of unabsorbed fluid remains in the intestines. When this occurs, the stool that is passed through the anus is loose […]

What is Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection?

HPV, which is short for human papilloma virus, is the virus that causes warts. There are many different strains of HPV – which type of wart you get will depend on the strain of HPV that you’ve been infected with. The most common types of wart are: Common warts (Verruca vulgaris), which typically appear on your face or hands as raised lumps with a roughened, almost cauliflower-like appearance Plantar warts (Verruca plantaris). These are the […]

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