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Saturated Fats: Health Effects, Sources and Reducing Intake

Saturated fat is a type of fat in which all bonds in the fatty acid carbon chain are single bonds and, therefore, all carbons are saturated with hydrogen. This type of fat comes from animal products and certain vegetables and it is the chief dietary source of high levels of “bad” cholesterol (LDL cholesterol). As a result, saturated fat happens to be a major cause of coronary heart disease. Saturated fats are solid at room […]

Trans Fats: Health Risks, Sources and How to Avoid Them

Trans fat is a form of unsaturated fat that has been hydrogenated in order to make it more saturated. As a result, trans fat is more solid and stable at room temperature and less susceptible to spoilage than original unsaturated fat. Fats and oils are made up of glycerol (three-carbon sugar alcohol that forms the backbone of fatty acids) and fatty acids (long molecular chains of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen). They are stored in the […]

Common Types of Food Additives

Food additives are substances added to foods to enhance some of their natural qualities. Some additives keep foods fresher for longer or improve their safety. Others boost or maintain the food’s nutritional value. Finally, there are also additives that improve the appearance, texture or taste of foods. There are two main categories of food additives: Direct additives. They are added to the food intentionally for a specific purpose. Direct additives are usually listed on the […]

Fat Substitutes in Low-Calorie Diet

Fat substitutes are food additives used to replace fat in low calorie foods that give foods the same characteristics (appearance, taste, stability, texture, etc.) they would have if prepared with fat. They not only contain fewer calories than fat but they are also lower in saturated fat and cholesterol. Dietary fat is not only a source of energy, it also provides flavour, volume and texture to foods. Fat substitutes are designed to mimic the positive […]

Health Effects of Different Types of Dietary Fats

Fat is one of three types of nutrients (along with protein and carbohydrates) that supply calories to the body. Oils are liquid fats and the two terms may be used interchangeably. In addition to being a major source of energy, fat provides numerous other benefits to the body such as protection and insulation. Fat is also involved in the processes that help regulate heart rate, blood pressure, blood clotting, blood vessel constriction and the functions […]

Sugar Substitutes: Health Benefits and Risks

The rising rates of obesity and associated health complications, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and some types of cancer, have led many consumers to look for alternatives to sugar to help control their blood glucose levels and reduce intake of calories. In response to this demand, scientists have developed a number of sugar substitutes. Sugar substitutes, also known as artificial sweeteners, are substances used to sweeten foods and beverages and serve as an alternative to […]

Health Benefits of Flaxseed

Flaxseed is a type of whole grain that contains several major components associated with numerous health benefits. This includes the short-chain omega-3 fatty acids, certain phytochemicals and dietary fiber. Flaxseed comes from the flax plant (Linum usitatissimum), which is cultivated in moderate climates. The plants are grown for their seeds and are also used to produce fiber for fabric. The edible seeds are usually added or sprinkled onto other foods. Many processed foods, like cereals […]

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