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Archive | Genetic Disorders

What is Hereditary Breast Cancer?

Around 200,000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer every year in the United States. Around 10% of those cases are estimated to be hereditary or caused by a genetic mutation of two specific genes that is found in families and passed from generation to generation. Fast Facts about Hereditary Breast Cancer Hereditary breast cancer affects a small segment of the general population. It is caused by the mutation of BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. There is […]

Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis of Down Syndrome

Down syndrome is a genetic disorder where typically there are 47 chromosomes instead of the 46 seen in normal people. Down syndrome is the most common form of cognitive impairment. It causes mild to moderate learning disabilities and developmental delays. People with Down syndrome are noticeable due to the characteristic facial features like flattened nose, short neck, and eyes slanting upwards. Fast Facts about Down Syndrome Down syndrome is a genetic disorder with typically 47 […]

Causes, Signs, Diagnosis and Treatment of Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder of the secretory glands, including the glands that manufacture mucus and sweat. People with cystic fibrosis secrete mucus that is very viscous and sticky. It builds up in the lungs, blocking the airways and providing a home for bacteria. As a result, sufferers have trouble breathing and are prone to lung infections. The mucus also blocks up the pancreatic ducts, which means that the digestive enzymes made by the […]

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