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Archive | Dietary Supplements

Manganese: Potential Health Benefits and Risks

Manganese is an essential trace mineral that is needed in the body to activate enzymes which help create cartilage and collagen to form strong bones and connective tissue. Furthermore, this trace mineral is a co-factor for an enzyme known as manganese superoxide dismutase, a potent antioxidant that helps fight free radicals in the body. It is also a co-factor for multiple other enzymes that assist in the metabolism of amino acids, carbohydrates and fats, regulate […]

Phosphorus: Health Benefits and Dietary Sources

Phosphorus is an essential mineral that binds together with calcium to make strong bones and teeth. As a result, 85% of this mineral in the body is found in the bones and teeth. In fact, phosphorus happens to be the second most plentiful mineral in the human body after calcium, making up 1% of the body weight. This mineral is also an important component of cell membranes and DNA and is thus necessary for the […]

Sulfur: Health Benefits and Deficiency

Sulfur is an essential macronutrient which can be found in nearly all human proteins, the building blocks of the body’s tissues and organs. This mineral element makes up 0.3% of the body weight, the same as potassium. Calcium and phosphorus are the only other minerals that are yet more abundant in human body. Proteins that are particularly high in sulfur include collagen and keratin, the two structural proteins that make strong bones, teeth, connective tissue, […]

Molybdenum: Health Effects, Deficiency and Toxicity

Molybdenum is an essential trace mineral that helps the body to break down proteins and certain toxic substances including alcohol. Some experts, therefore, believe it plays a major role in detoxification processes. Molybdenum is easily absorbed from the diet but most of it (60-90%) is excreted through urine, depending on its status in the body. The rest is stored mainly in the liver, kidneys and bones. The recommended dietary allowance of molybdenum for adults (male […]

Selenium: Health Benefits and Risks of Overdose

Selenium is an essential micronutrient best known for its antioxidant properties. It is part of 25 selenoproteins that play many different roles in the body, ranging from promoting hormone production and strengthening the immune system to possibly protecting against cancer. Selenium is found naturally in many foods and water. Its amount in the food largely depends on the concentration of selenium in the soil, in which the plants used for human consumption or to feed […]

Vanadium: Health Effects and Toxicity

Vanadium is a metallic element commonly found in foods, water, soil, air and in the human body. Like some other toxic heavy metals, trace amounts of vanadium are thought to be essential for human health. Some experts believe that this mineral is helping the body’s metabolism, while also promoting strong bones and teeth, fertility, proper thyroid function and the production of certain hormones. In industry, vanadium is used as an ingredient in making steel, ceramics […]

Iodine: Health Benefits, Deficiency and Goiter

Iodine is a trace mineral that is part of thyroid hormones, which help regulate the rate at which the body uses energy. Therefore, this mineral is essential to metabolism. Iodized table salt is the main source of dietary iodine. Most people actually consume more iodine than is suggested, though iodine toxicity rarely occurs. Consuming more than 1,000 micrograms (1 milligram) of iodine per day can be dangerous, especially to the fetuses of pregnant women. Recommended […]

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