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Archive | Dentistry and Oral Health

Leukoplakia: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Leukoplakia (also leukoplasia) is a medical term describing white lesions that develop in the oral cavity when cells within the mucous membrane change. These lesions may appear on the inner cheeks, gums, lips, tongue, floor or roof of the mouth. Leukoplakia often occurs due to chronic irritation of the mucous membranes that line the mouth. In some cases, a bacterial, fungal or viral infection can cause leukoplakia. Leukoplakia is not usually painful and does not […]

Glossitis: Inflammation of the Tongue

Glossitis is defined as an inflammation of the tongue characterized by a change in the color and texture of the tongue surface. It may appear as a beefy red coloration of the tongue with a smooth, bald texture, while the tongue may be swollen. Geographic tongue, characterized by a map-like appearance of the tongue surface, is the most common type of glossitis. Changes in the tongue appearance are due to the loss of tiny finger-like […]

Dangers and Complications of Oral Piercing

Not so long ago, an oral piercing was an extremely popular trend among adolescents and young adults and, in some cultures, it still is. It involves piercing areas of the mouth, usually the tongue and the lips, although the cheeks may also be pierced. As with all other forms of body art, oral piercing is performed as a form of personal expression to enhance body image or for acceptance into a peer group. A piece […]

Dry Socket: Causes, Risks Factors and Prevention

Dry socket is a painful complication that develops most commonly after extractions of particular teeth. It occurs when a blood clot that normally forms in the tooth socket after extraction does not develop or is lost. The role of the blood clot is to protect the bony socket from exposure to food particles, air and infection while it heals. The tooth extractions that most often result in dry socket are those of the lower molars, […]

Potential Risks and Complications of Tooth Extraction

A tooth extraction is a common procedure used to remove a seriously damaged tooth from its socket. The damage may include excessive tooth decay, abscessed tooth, impacted tooth and fractured or broken tooth. Sometimes it is necessary to remove relatively healthy teeth that are crooked and may crowd together in order to make space for orthodontic work or remove any remaining teeth to prepare the mouth for a complete denture. Types of Tooth Extraction There […]

Potential Causes of Dental Pain

Dental pain refers to pain felt in the mouth area (e.g., gums, teeth, jaw). It usually indicates an oral health problem, such as gum disease, tooth decay or TMJ disorder, although the pain can also be caused by conditions that are not dental in nature, such as sinus or ear infections or heart problems. In most cases, dental pain is due to tooth decay. When a cavity gets larger, it begins to irritate the pulp, […]

What Causes Sensitive Teeth

Sensitive teeth refers to the sensation of discomfort or pain when teeth are exposed to certain stimuli such as cold air, cold or hot drinks and foods and sweet foods. About one fifth of the population experience sensitive teeth. Dentinal sensitivity and pulpal sensitivity are the two major types of teeth sensitivity. Dentinal sensitivity occurs when the middle layer of the tooth called dentin becomes exposed. The dentin of a tooth is normally housed in […]

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