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Archive | Skin Disorders

Moles: Signs of Melanoma and Removal

Almost everybody has at least a few moles. Moles are made up of a collection of pigment cells and can be both, flat or raised on the skin. They can be found virtually anywhere on the body. Moles are more common in individuals who are exposed to a lot of sunshine but some are also present at birth, while others appear during childhood and adulthood. Some people have a genetic predisposition to develop lots of […]

Genital Warts: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Genital warts (Condylomata accuminata in Latin) are small growths in the genital area that are the result of a virus passed through skin-to-skin contact during sex. They are very common, particularly in young, sexually active people. Some five in a hundred people between 16 and 25 years of age are affected by genital warts. In fact, as many as half of the population may carry the virus at some time but never develop warts, so […]

Conditions that Can Be Confused with Dandruff

True dandruff is characterized by shedding of dry white flakes of dead skin from the scalp. It is confined to the head only and is not normally associated with redness, inflammation or itching. These symptoms are more likely to be caused by some other associated condition, such as seborrheic dermatitis or psoriasis. The most common skin complaints that may occasionally be confused with dandruff include: Seborrheic Dermatitis This condition combines seborrhoea (oiliness of the skin) […]

Dandruff: Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Dandruff usually appears as dry white flakes of skin that are shed from the scalp and can be seen on a person’s hairbrush, collar or shoulders. It is a cosmetic problem rather than a health risk. Dandruff is usually painless, normally causes no itching and is not passed on to others. However, its appearance can be unpleasant and embarrassing for the person who has it. Dandruff is a very common condition that is likely to […]

Scleroderma: Types, Symptoms and Treatment

Scleroderma is a chronic autoimmune disorder in which the body mistakenly produces too much collagen, the main structural protein in connective tissue. The name of the disorder comes from the Greek words for “hard skin” which is the most visible symptom of scleroderma. This condition is not contagious. The excess production of collagen, which characterizes scleroderma, is an autoimmune response, where the body’s immune system produces this substance to attack its own tissues which were […]

Causes and Treatment of Pruritus (Itching)

Pruritus is a Latin word for itch and describes any itching or tingling sensation on the skin that provokes the desire to scratch or rub. It may be a minor but persistent nuisance, but, in some cases, it can cause major discomfort, frustration and even pose potential health risks for the patient. Pruritus cannot be precisely defined because it is experienced subjectively. Pruritus may be localized and limited only to specific areas of the body […]

Fungal Skin Infections: Types, Symptoms and Treatment

Fungi are a common cause of numerous skin infections. Some are naturally present in the human body (known as yeasts), while others (known as dermatophytes) grow on the body as foreign particles and promote infection. Fungi grow best in warm, moist and dark environments. In humans, they grow well on skin, especially in skin folds (e.g., groin, breast folds, armpits) and in mucous membranes (e.g., genitals, mouth). Yeast Infections and their Symptoms Candidiasis happens to […]

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