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Archive | Mental Disorders

Autism: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Autism is a disorder of the brain characterized by difficulty communicating and socializing with others. Some patients may also have difficulty thinking and feeling. Approximately 1.5% of children in the US have some form of autism. The first signs of autism may occur by the time a child is 1.5 years old, although the disorder is usually not formally diagnosed until 2 or 3 years of age. Some children may progress normally for the first […]

Common Types of Birth Defects

A birth defect is any physical or mental disabling or fatal abnormality in function, structure or metabolism that is present at birth. To date, medical science has identified thousands of different birth defects, ranging in severity from very minor to life-threatening. Around 3% of all newborns have some kind of birth defect. Birth defects account for more than 20% of all infant deaths and are thus the most common cause of infant death during the […]

What is Fragile X Syndrome?

Fragile X syndrome (also known as Martin-Bell syndrome, Escalante’s syndrome or simply FXS) is a genetic disorder and it is the most common cause of inherited mental disability. It is more common in boys than in girls. The cognitive effects of fragile X syndrome vary from person to person, and range from mild learning disabilities to severe mental retardation. Fragile X is one of the most common known reasons for autism and its associated social, […]

Holistic Approach to Treating Depression

Depression is a debilitating illness that affects approximately 20% of people in the industrialized world, especially women. Its causes can be both psychological and physiological and there are numerous approaches to treatment. An increasingly popular option is treatment with antidepressants known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Often due to pressure from health maintenance organizations to contain costs, doctors recommend these medications as a quick fix instead of psychotherapy. Another approach is to treat depression […]

Memory Loss in Seniors – Is it Alzheimer’s?

Many people wrongly assume that memory loss and confusion, when occurring at higher age, are always linked to Alzheimer’s. Although these are some of the most common symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, they are not exclusively related to it. Other common symptoms of Alzheimer’s include decline in mental ability, depression, mood swings, social withdrawal, anxiety, irritability and delusions. However, there are many possible causes of these symptoms besides Alzheimer’s. For instance, depressive and other emotional disorders […]

High Rate of Smokers among Patients with Mental Disorders

Cigarette smoking and other forms of nicotine addiction seem to be more common in patients with mental disorders than in other people. For example, in the US less than 18% of the adult population smoke but up to three quarters of those with schizophrenia are reported to smoke. Moreover, smoking can trigger certain mental disorders, such as dysthymia or major depression, in those who are predisposed to them. Mental health conditions that are strongly associated […]

Dangerous Health Consequences of Eating Disorders

All eating disorders are characterised by serious disturbances in eating behavior that negatively affect metabolism. The longer an eating disorder persists, the greater the impairment to the person’s ability to live and function normally. The major eating disorders include anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder. The course of any of the major eating disorders is similar to that of various other psychiatric problems, such as alcoholism, drug abuse or depression. All these conditions can […]

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