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Genital Warts: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Genital warts (Condylomata accuminata in Latin) are small growths in the genital area that are the result of a virus passed through skin-to-skin contact during sex. They are very common, particularly in young, sexually active people. Some five in a hundred people between 16 and 25 years of age are affected by genital warts. In fact, as many as half of the population may carry the virus at some time but never develop warts, so […]

Fungal Skin Infections: Types, Symptoms and Treatment

Fungi are a common cause of numerous skin infections. Some are naturally present in the human body (known as yeasts), while others (known as dermatophytes) grow on the body as foreign particles and promote infection. Fungi grow best in warm, moist and dark environments. In humans, they grow well on skin, especially in skin folds (e.g., groin, breast folds, armpits) and in mucous membranes (e.g., genitals, mouth). Yeast Infections and their Symptoms Candidiasis happens to […]

Roseola Infantum: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Roseola, also known as roseola infantum, is a common childhood illness caused by a viral infection. An infection is typically accompanied by a high fever that usually lasts for about a week. Once the fever breaks, a child tends to develop a distinctive skin rash that can last from a few hours to several days. Children from the ages of six months to three years are most likely to contract roseola. However, the illness may […]

Oral Thrush – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Thrush, also called oral candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis or moniliasis, is a type of mouth infection caused by an overgrowth of the Candida fungus, commonly known as yeast. It can affect the corners of the mouth, insides of cheeks, palate, tongue and throat. Thrush most often occurs in individuals with compromised immune systems, such as patients with HIV/AIDS or cancer, those with uncontrolled diabetes and in children under the age of six months. Risk Factors and […]

Mouth Sores: Why They Occur and How to Treat and Prevent Them

There are several types of mouths sores that can develop in different areas of the mouth. They may appear as raised bumps or blisters, ulcers (open lesions), inflamed areas or patches of discolored skin. Mouth sores can affect the lips, inner cheeks, tongue, gums, palate (roof of the mouth) or the mouth floor. They may develop after the mucous membranes lining the mouth come into direct contact with an irritant or as a result of […]

Cellulitis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Cellulitis is an acute spreading inflammation of the deeper layers of the skin caused by a bacterial infection and it can occur anywhere in the body. The skin is composed of the protective outer layer called epidermis, the middle layer called dermis and subcutaneous tissue which is the deepest layer of the skin. Bacteria may gain access to the dermis via an external route or a blood-borne route. The role of epidermis is to prevent […]

Lyme Disease (Borreliosis): Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Lyme disease, also known as borreliosis, is an infectious condition spread through the bite of deer ticks infected with a spiral-shaped bacterium called Borrelia burgdorferi. Lyme borreliosis is the leading tick borne disease in Europe and North America, though only about 1.5% of all people with a confirmed deer tick bite will develop the disease. Symptoms of Lyme Disease Generally, the tick must be attached to the skin for at least 36-48 hours to transmit […]

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